Casting Call - a casting call is part of the pre-production process; for actors, models, singers, or dancers. Depending on the importance of the roll and the director, casting calls can be open to the general public, or restricted to professionals. This process may involve several casting calls for one part. Casting calls aren't just for principal roles, but can also be used to find extras for film and television.

Character Actor - an actor who plays character parts or a role with pronounced or ununsual characteristics. For many actors, this is an alternative to a leading role. Although they may be typecast, character actors can have highly sucessful careers. For example, James Earl Jones and Hank Azaria have both found fame on and off-screen via voice over work.

Given Circumstances - background and current information given to the actor by the text's author. This includes information about characters and relationships in the piece. These are used to guide actors and directors whilst they develop a final performance. Actors can use given circumstances to help make decisions about how to play a part.

Glee (Show choir) – our glee classes are based on the hit TV show about a high school show choir. Show choir is different from musical theatre as it isn't based around a narrative. Many High Schools compete in tournaments known as “invitationals”, and may even compete nationally. A performance will consist of highly-choreographed fast numbers as well as a few ballads to show off the adaptability of the group.

Improvisation -  Improv (for short), is taught to help actors' awareness of fellow performers, as well as strenthening their confidence and communication. This is performing without a script and as well as being used in acting classes, is now a comedy club staple.

Meisner - an American actor and developer of Method Acting. The Meisner Method is perhaps the most off-kilter version of method acting, requiring actors to “live truthfully under imaginary circumstances”. Rather than purposefully manipulating an action, the actor must perform with an honest, gut response at all times.

Method Acting - a practice used by actors in which they recall their own emotions and experiences in order to give an accurate performance of a character. Often, Method Actors are known for thinking and acting like their characters at all times, even off-screen. Many notable actors of the latter half of the 20th century are method actors, including Paul Newman, Robert DiNero, Marilyn Monroe, and Jack Nicholson.

Monologue - the speech said by one actor either to himself or to the audience, even when among other characters on stage.  Often, monologues express a character's objectives as well as their emotions and thoughts. They can often idicate a passage in time via exits and entrances. 

Objective - in acting, an objective is what a character wants, and manifests in a play as what the character must do in order to fulfil their desire. Physical actions and psychological objectives are bound together and often eventually lead to a final change in character.

Stage Directions - these are often written in parentheses in both film and play scripts, and are direct instructions from an playwright. These can vary between physical actions for actors to perform, including Enter and Exit, and how an action should be performed, e.g. angrily.

Stanislavski - Constantin Stanislavski was a Russian theatre director and actor at the Moscow Art Theatre who developed the technique “spiritual realism.”  This involves an an actor making a series of actions which embody truthful emotions. His is one of the most influential and famous methods of acting in the world and is internationally recognized.

All acting methods included in the glossary are taught in our Acting Courses.